What Is Truth?

Impactful cultural biases

Bit size summaries of known cultural biases with great impact on personal choices, mental and physical performance and achieving success in life.


It is believed that if unsure of the answer, it’s best to stick with the initial hunch


A common dilemma when it comes to answering tricky questions on the spot or taking tests of any kind is whether or not we should go with the answer based on our initial gut instinct. There is a generally perceived wisdom that if one is unsure of the correct answer that it is best to stick with the initial idea that popped in the mind. This perception was also checked amongst science and arts...

The myth that low self-esteem is a major cause of psychological problems


It is generally assumed that low self-esteem and self-worth will lead to psychological problems for a person in the long run. Articles assuming this, point towards school shooting incidents as the attackers often were reported afterwards to have had low self-esteem and a plethora of mental health issues which stemmed from that. Similar assumptions have continued when it comes to mass shootings...

It is believed that there’s safety in numbers – the more people present, the greater the chance that someone intervenes


Let’s take two potential scenarios. One (Scenario A) is that you’re walking down a dark alleyway at night. There are just two other people there. One attacks and wrestles your wallet from you. The implication is that because there is only one person who could intervene to help you, you are less safe. In Scenario B you are in the middle of a large park in a city during the daytime with dozens of...

The myth that it’s better to express anger than to hold it in


There is an extensive debate on whether expressing anger or not is the better way to go about releasing tension. Based on earlier research, many people believe that failing to express anger in a healthy manner is a negative practices that strikes back. Moreover, it is often concluded that people who do not express their anger healthily will then express them in a much more destructive, pent-up...

Men are viewed as professionals, while women as hobby athletes


There is a strong bias around athletic performance by gender as men are commonly viewed as professionals, while female participants are primarily considered as engaging in sports for fun. In many countries, professionals are mostly referred to using their surnames. However, there is evidence that gender determines how people perceive professionals according to Atir and Ferguson (2018). In their...

The belief that mental skills cannot be taught


Mental skills are one of the most significant factors ensuring high performance and success for elite athletes. One of the biggest myths in sports is that mental skills are born with and cannot be taught. However, overwhelming empirical evidence reports that mental skills can be learned and improved through practice, just like physical skills can be honed through exercise. Although there are...

Women in certain sports are often seen as being non-feminine


There are various qualities associated with gender. These qualities are socially constructed and dependent on cultural standards, leading to gender-based stereotypes of what is masculine and feminine (Mennesson, 2000).  Some sports are seen as more masculine than others, for example, football (soccer), rugby, cricket, basketball and combative arts are all considered “masculine”...

Overweight thought to cannot win – The smothering weight-based stigma in sports


Even though engaging in sports considered to be the stepping stone for a better life, with excess weight on, the process is often blocked by the surrounding social climate. Based on their weight, the majority of overweight are regarded as un-athletic and hence excluded from sports in group situations and combative arts. Very commonly, the judgment goes beyond questioning their physical...

What Is Truth?